Exploring Europa Point: Gibraltar’s Southernmost Marvel

In this Article


2.Historical and Cultural Landmarks

3.Modern Enhancements and Attractions



Europa Point, known locally as Punta de Europa or Punta Europa, is the southernmost point of Gibraltar. While it isn’t the southernmost point of the Iberian Peninsula, Europa Point marks the boundary between the Straits of Gibraltar in the Atlantic Ocean and the Alboran Sea in the Mediterranean. This area offers breathtaking views and houses several historical and cultural landmarks, making it a must-visit location for tourists.


Located at the end of the Rock of Gibraltar, Europa Point is a flat area featuring a playing field, notable buildings, and stunning views. On a clear day, visitors can see North Africa, including Ceuta and the Rif Mountains of Morocco, as well as the Bay of Gibraltar and Spanish towns along its shores. Europa Road connects this scenic spot to Gibraltar’s old town.

Europa Point boasts several significant buildings: Harding’s Battery, the Ibrahim-al-Ibrahim Mosque, the Roman Catholic Shrine of Our Lady of Europe, the Europa Point Lighthouse, and the Nun’s Well. It also hosts Gibraltar’s only dedicated cricket oval and, since 2013, the Sikorski Memorial.

Historical and Cultural Landmarks

Harding’s Battery

Harding’s Battery is central to the land at Europa Point. This battery, built in the 19th century, once housed massive guns capable of firing 800-pound projectiles across the Straits of Gibraltar. The Europa Sunken Magazine, which stored ammunition, is now a visitor center providing insights into the area’s military history.

Europa Point Lighthouse

Constructed between 1838 and 1841 by Governor Sir Alexander Woodford, the Europa Point Lighthouse is a key landmark. Fully automated since 1994, its light can be seen from 27 km (17 miles) away. It is the southernmost lighthouse managed by Trinity House and the only one outside the British Isles. Locals refer to it as “la farola,” and it is a popular spot for Gibraltar Amateur Radio operators.

Ibrahim-al-Ibrahim Mosque

The Ibrahim-al-Ibrahim Mosque, also known as the King Fahd bin Abdulaziz al-Saud Mosque, was a gift from King Fahd of Saudi Arabia. Completed in 1997 at a cost of around £5 million, the mosque complex includes a school, library, and lecture hall. It serves Gibraltar’s Muslim community, which numbers over 1,000, and stands as a symbol of cultural diversity.

Shrine of Our Lady of Europe

The Shrine of Our Lady of Europe has a rich history dating back to August 20, 1462, when Spaniards converted a mosque at Europa Point into a Christian shrine. Dedicated to Our Lady as Patroness of Europe, the shrine featured a small statue of the Virgin and Child, which became a symbol of devotion for mariners passing through the Strait of Gibraltar. The shrine was restored in 1979 when Pope John Paul II officially recognized Our Lady of Europe as the Patroness of Gibraltar.

Nun’s Well

Nun’s Well, located opposite the end of the Keightley Way Tunnel, is an ancient underground water store. In the 19th century, this water was used for brewing beer. The well and its surrounding structures were repaired in 1988, making it accessible to visitors interested in Gibraltar’s historical water management systems.

Modern Enhancements and Attractions

Refurbishments and Additions

In 2011, the Government of Gibraltar invested £4.4 million in refurbishing Europa Point. The area was reopened by the then Chief Minister of Gibraltar, Peter Caruana. Enhancements included the installation of an original RML 12.5 inch 38-ton gun on a custom-made replica carriage at Harding’s Battery and the relocation of the Sikorski Memorial from Sir Herbert Miles Road to Europa Point.

Dudley Ward Tunnel

Europa Point is linked to the eastern side of the Rock, including Sandy Bay and Catalan Bay, via the Dudley Ward Tunnel. After a fatal rockfall, the tunnel was closed for eight years and finally reopened in 2010, providing a safe and scenic route for visitors.


Europa Point is more than just the southernmost point of Gibraltar; it is a convergence of history, culture, and natural beauty. From its historical batteries and lighthouse to the modern Ibrahim-al-Ibrahim Mosque and Shrine of Our Lady of Europe, Europa Point offers a diverse range of attractions. The recent refurbishments have further enhanced its appeal, making it a perfect destination for tourists seeking adventure and a deep dive into Gibraltar’s rich heritage.


At Rocky Monkey, we include Europa Point in all three of our tour packages, ensuring you experience the best of what this remarkable landmark has to offer. Join us for an unforgettable journey where history meets breathtaking views. Book your adventure with Rocky Monkey today and explore Europa Point like never before. Visit us at rockymonkey.gi for more details and to choose the perfect tour package for you.